The brain and the spinal cord form the nervous system, which controls various functions and activities of the human body. The brain is protected by hard bone (the skull or cranium), the meninges (membranes), and the Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which causes the brain to float inside the skull and provides a cushioning protection for this very delicate, yet, complex organ- especially during sudden head movements.
Despite the layers of protection, there are certain instances where a blow to the head is too forceful and violent, rendering these layers incapable of providing the actual needed cushion. These violent blows can cause the brain to collide with the skull’s internal wall, resulting to bruising of the brain, bleeding or torn nerve fibers which, in turn, can lead to intracranial injury, more commonly known as traumatic brain injury (TBI).
A traumatic brain injury is a very serious injury; it can damage one or more areas of the brain, resulting in temporary/permanent functional disability or psycho-social impairment, which can affect one’s reasoning, memory, abstract thinking, judgment, processing of information, cognition, problem-solving ability and language. It can also make a person more vulnerable to serious illnesses, like Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s, epilepsy and other illnesses that can affect the circulatory, respiratory or digestive system.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), TBI can result from any of the following accidents which can cause a violent blow or a sudden jolt to the head:
- Accidents involving non-motorized pedal cycles, like bicycles;
- Violence, assaults or gunshot wounds on the head;
- Falls (which are very common among senior citizens and children 4 years old or below);
- Sports-related accidents;
- Blast or explosion; and,
- Motor vehicle accidents
The website of the Tuscon personal injury attorneys of Russo, Russo & Slania, P.C. mention the intensive emergency and prolonged medical care needed in treating TBI – a situation that can exhaust a family’s financial resources. Serious deliberation needs to take place in order to deal with this unfortunate situation in the best and most acceptable way possible.